Lessons #54-55: Washing Dishes, Verbs for Washing

Leda Jules: Pelly Banks dialect

Verbs: wash, dry, gather, bring

Perfective, imperfective, optative, future, transitive vs intransitive, reflexive

 

Wash (transitive) Wash (reflexive)

Tsʼáʼ esʼṓts. Deyāsʼṓts.
I am washing the dishes. I am washing myself.
Deyēsdeh.
I am washing myself.
Tsʼáʼ enʼṓts! Deyānʼṓts!
Wash the dishes! (one person) Wash yourself! (one person)
Deyēnhdeh!
Wash yourself!
Tsʼáʼ eʼṓts. Deyāʼṓts.
He/she is washing the dishes. He/she is washing herself/himself.
Deyēʼīhdeh.
He is washing himself.
Yeʼṓts.
He/she is washing it (or them).
Meyēhdeh.
He is washing it.
Geyēʼīhdeh.
He is washing them.
Tsʼáʼ dzeʼṓts. Deyādzeʼṓts.
We (2) are washing the dishes. We (2) are washing ourselves.
Tsʼáʼ yēdzīhdeh. Deyēdzīhdeh.
We (2) are washing dishes We (2) are washing ourselves.
Tsʼáʼ ahʼṓts! Deyāhʼṓts!
Wash the dishes! (you 2) Wash yourselves! (you 2)
Tsʼáʼ yēʼehdeh. Deyēʼehdeh.
Wash the dishes! (you 2) You (2) wash yourselves.
Tsʼáʼ geʼṓts. Deyāgeʼṓts.
They (2) are washing the dishes. They (2) are washing themselves.
Tsʼáʼ yēgīhdeh. Deyēgīhdeh.
They (2) are washing the dishes. They (2) are washing themselves
Meyēgīhdeh.
They (2) are washing it.
Geyeʼṓts.
They (2) are washing it or them.
Geyēgīhdeh.
They (2) are washing them.
Tsʼáʼ nédzéʼṓts. Deyā́ndzāʼṓts.
We (3+) are washing the dishes. We (3+) are washing ourselves.
Tsʼáʼ yḗndzīhdeh. Deyḗndzīhdeh.
We (3+) are washing dishes. We (3+) are washing ourselves.
Tsʼáʼ nā́hʼṓts! Deyā́nahʼṓts.
Wash the dishes! (you 3+) Wash yourselves! (you 3+)
Tsʼáʼ yḗnehdeh! Deyḗnehdeh!
Wash the dishes! (you 3+) Wash yourselves! (you 3+)
Tsʼáʼ négéʼṓts. Deyā́ngāʼṓts.
They (3+) are washing the dishes. They (3+) are washing themselves.
Négéyéʼṓts.
They (3+) are washing it.
Meyḗngīhdeh.
They (3+) are washing it.
Geyḗngīhdeh.
They (3+) are washing them.

There is a great deal of variability with this verb since the stem can be either –ṓts, –dḗzī́ or -dḗ, and the ū- optative prefix may or may not be used to give the optative sense (the optative stem form alone can convey that sense). The prefix yē- also has an alternate form gē-

Wash (transitive) Wash (reflexive)
Łáhtādé tsʼáʼ ūsʼṓdzī́ sį̄́. Łáhtādé edūsʼṓdzī́ sį̄́.
I might wash the dishes. I might wash myself.
Tsʼáʼ yūsdḗzī́ sį̄́. Łáhtādé deyēsdḗ sį̄́.
I might wash the dishes. I might wash myself.
Tsʼáʼ yūsdḗ sį̄́.
I might wash the dishes.
Yēsdḗ sį̄́.
I might wash (the dishes).
Ts’áʼ ūnʼṓdzī́ sį̄́. Edūnʼṓdzī́ sį̄́.
You might wash the dishes. You might wash yourself.
Tsʼáʼ yēnhdḗ sį̄́. Deyēndḗ sį̄́.
You might wash the dishes. You might wash yourself.
Tsʼáʼ ūʼṓdzī́ sį̄́. Edūʼṓdzī́ sį̄́ .
He/she might wash dishes. He/she might wash herself/himself.
Tsʼáʼ yēhdḗ sį̄́. Deyēʼehdḗ sį̄́.
He/she might wash dishes. He/she might wash herself/himself.
Yūʼṓdzī́ sį̄́.
He/she might wash it.
Meyūhdḗ sį̄́.
He/she might wash it.
Geyūhdḗ sį̄́.
He/she might wash them.
Łáhtādé tsʼáʼ dzeʼṓdzī́ sį̄́. Edzedeʼṓdzī́ sį̄́.
We (2) might wash the dishes. We (2) might wash ourselves.
Tsʼáʼ gēdzūhdḗzī́ sį̄́. Deyēdzūhdḗzī́ sį̄́.
We (2) might wash the dishes. We (2) might wash ourselves.
Tsʼáʼ ahʼṓdzī́ sį̄́. Edahʼṓdzī́ sį̄́.
You (2) might wash the dishes. You (2) might wash yourselves.
Tsʼáʼ gēʼehdḗ sį̄́. Deyēʼehdḗzī́ sį̄́.
You (2) might wash the dishes. You (2) might wash yourselves.
Tsʼáʼ geʼṓdzį̄́ sį̄́. Egedeʼṓdzī́ sį̄́.
They (2) might wash the dishes. They (2) might wash themselves.
Tsʼáʼ gēʼehdḗzī́ sį̄́. Deyēgūhdḗhī́ sį̄́.
They (2) might wash the dishes. They (2) might wash themselves.
Geyūʼṓdzī́ sį̄́.
They (2) might wash it/them.
Tsʼáʼ nédzūʼṓdzī́ sį̄́.
We (3+) might wash the dishes.
Nā́hʼṓdzī́ sį̄́.
You (3+) might wash the dishes.
Tsʼáʼ négū́ʼṓdzī́ sį̄́.
They (3+) might wash the dishes.
Négéyū́ʼṓdzī́ sį̄́.
They (3+) might wash it.